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This information supports and supplements information included in the UNC-Chapel Hill Design Guidelines—specifically, Chapter II: Construction Documents Submittal requirements, Chapter III: Construction and Demolition Waste Management and Chapter V: Sections 01606, 01505, and 02070.


This information must be included in the spec book for each project. Any changes must be approved by OWRR.

Regulations pertaining to construction waste disposal

  • N.C. General Statute 130A-309.10(f)
  • Orange County Regulated Recyclable Materials Ordinance
  • Town of Chapel Hill Noise Ordinance
  • University policy regarding hazardous materials

Required Information: 01060 Regulatory Requirements

(PDF Version)

Part 1 General

Cardboard OnlyThe Contractor shall be responsible for knowing and complying with regulatory requirements – Federal, State and Local – pertaining to legal disposal of all construction and demolition waste materials, including but not limited to the following:

  1. N.C. General Statute 130A
    1. Whole Tires as of March 1, 1990 banned in landfills.
    2. Used Oil as of October 1, 1990, banned in landfills.
    3. Yard Waste as of January 1, 1993, banned in landfills.
    4. Aluminum Cans as of July 1, 1994, banned in landfills or incinerators.
    5. White Goods as of January 1, 1991, banned in landfills. Incineration banned as of July 1, 1994.
  2. Orange County Regulated Recyclable Materials Ordinance requires cardboard, clean wood, scrap metal and pallets to be either source separated or taken in mixed loads to a permitted facility (contact OWRR or Orange County Solid Waste at 919-968-2788 for a list of facilities). It also requires that anyone hauling these wastes in a vehicle that is 9,000 lb. or greater within Orange County must have a license. Contact Orange County Solid Waste to obtain a license. All containers (dumpsters, rolloffs, compactors) for regulated materials must display a unique identifying number at least 3″ high, along with the name of the owner or hauler.
  3. Town of Chapel Hill Noise Ordinance (Ordinance Number 2001-09-24/O-8): Once on the Town’s Code of Ordinance site, click on Code of Ordinances of the Town of Chapel Hill hyperlink.  Then search by “noise” and go to Noise Ordinance Article III.  See Section 11-40 Exemptions items (b) Construction and (o) Sanitation.
  4. University policy regarding hazardous materials, UNC-Chapel Hill Design Guidelines, Chapter IV (Supplemental Guidelines): Hazardous and Universal Waste Issues.  Contact: UNC-Chapel Hill Office of Environment, Health and Safety.

The information in this section can be found in the UNC Design Guidelines, Chapter V. Technical Design and Performance Standards, A. Division 1 – General Requirements (01060).

Easy Does ItProject goals for recycling, the solid waste management plan, and reporting requirements

  • Waste Management Definitions
  • Waste Management Goals
  • Waste Management Plan
  • Management Plan Implementation
  • Special Programs

Required Information: 01505 Construction Waste Management

(PDF Version)

Part I – General Information
Untreated and unpainted; not contaminated with oils, solvents, caulk, or the like.
Mixing recyclable C/D material in one waste container. Materials Recovery Facilities (MRF) exist to sort and recycle commingled materials off-site.
Construction and Demolition Waste
Includes all non-hazardous solid wastes resulting from construction, renovations, alterations, repair, and demolition.
Exhibiting the characteristics of hazardous substances, i.e., ignitability, corrosiveness, toxicity or reactivity.
Material Recovery Facility (MRF)
A processing facility designed to sort and separate recyclables based on market needs and material components.
Exhibiting none of the characteristics of hazardous substances, i.e., ignitability, corrosiveness, toxicity, or reactivity.
Neither immediately poisonous to humans nor poisonous after a long period of exposure.
The ability of a product or material to be recovered at the end of its life cycle and remanufactured into a new product for reuse by others.
The process of sorting, cleansing, treating and reconstituting solid waste and other discarded materials for the purpose of using the altered form. Recycling does not include burning, incinerating, or thermally destroying waste. Can be conducted on-site (as in the grinding of concrete and reuse on-site).
To give back reusable items or unused products to vendors for credit.
To reuse a construction waste material without altering its form on the Project site or elsewhere.
To remove a waste material from the Project site to another site for resale or reuse by others.
Soil and other debris that has been eroded and transported by storm or well production runoff water.
Source Separation
The act of keeping different types of waste materials separate beginning from the first time they become waste in order to reuse or recycle them.
Poisonous to humans either immediately or after a period of exposure.
Any product or material unable to be reused, returned, recycled, or salvaged.
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
Chemical compounds common in and emitted by many building products over time through offgassing: solvents in paints and other coatings; wood preservatives; strippers and household cleaners; adhesives in particleboard, fiberboard, and some plywood; and foam insulation. When released, VOCs can contribute to the formation of smog and can cause respiratory tract problems, headaches, eye irritations, nausea, damage to the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system, and possibly cancer.
Extra material or material that has reached the end of its useful life in its intended use. Waste includes salvageable, returnable, recyclable, and reusable material.
Waste Management Plan
A Project-related plan for the collection, transportation, and disposal of the waste generated at the construction site. The purpose of the plan is to ultimately prolong the usable life of waste materials and reduce the amount of material being landfilled.
Within the limits of the construction schedule, contract sum, and available materials, equipment, products and services, the Owner has established that this Project shall generate the least amount of waste possible and employ processes that ensure the generation of as little waste as possible. This expectation is consistent with:

  1. The 1997 “Statement on Voluntary Measures to Reduce, Recover, and Reuse Building Construction Site Waste” released by the American Institute of Architects and the Associated General Contractors of America
  2. Federal Executive Order 13101
  3. EPA Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG)
  4. North Carolina Executive Order 156?State Government Environmental Sustainability, Reduction of Solid Waste, and Procurement of Environmentally Preferable Products.

The Contractor shall develop, for the Architect’s and owner’s review, a Waste Management Plan for this Project consistent with these goals.

  1. Minimize the amount of C/D (construction and demolition) waste initially generated by such methods as efficient use of materials, appropriate planning, proper storage, prevention of breakage and damage to materials, avoidance of excess packaging and source separation of waste.
  2. Of the inevitable waste that is generated, as many of the waste materials as economically feasible shall be reused, salvaged, or recycled. Waste disposal in landfills shall be minimized. Consistent with LEED criteria, the project goal is to reuse, salvage, or recycle a minimum of 50% of the wastes generated by weight on demolition/renovation projects and 75% on new construction.
  3. Use recycled, salvaged, renewable and recyclable building materials.
The Contractor shall provide, to the Owner and Architect, a Draft Waste Management Plan within 5 business days after receipt of Notice to Proceed or prior to any waste removal, whichever occurs sooner. Consistent with Orange County ordinances and in order to achieve the waste diversion goals listed above, the Contractor may choose to separate waste and recyclables on-site or use a combination of source separation and a C/D sorting facility permitted by Orange County.The Contractor will submit the draft and final plans electronically on forms provided by OWRR. See (C/D Forms and Printed Materials).

The Draft Waste Management Plan shall contain the following:

  1. Waste assessment: An analysis of the proposed jobsite wastes to be generated, including types and estimated quantities. This includes salvageable materials as well as recyclables and trash.
    1. Materials for reuse in project: (Designer modifies list as appropriate.)
      1. Slate roof
      2. Wood flooring
      3. Brick pavers
      4. Stone walls
      5. Architectural details
      6. Building equipment
      7. Program equipment
    2. Materials for reuse on campus: Contractor delivers to Owner. (Designer lists materials here.)
    3. Materials which must be recycled by law (also see Section 01060 Regulatory Requirements):
      1. Beverage containers
      2. Cardboard
      3. Clean dimensional wood and pallets
      4. Scrap metal, including but not limited to metals from banding, stud trim, ductwork, piping, rebar, roofing, other trim, steel, iron, galvanized sheet steel, stainless steel, aluminum, copper, zinc, lead, brass, and bronze
      5. White goods
    4. Materials to be recycled (project specific): (Designer lists materials here.)
    5. Suggested salvageable materials: (Designer lists materials here.)
      1. Slate roof
      2. Wood flooring
      3. Brick pavers
      4. Stone walls
      5. Architectural details
      6. Building equipment
      7. Program equipment
    6. Other recyclable materials to be considered include (but are not limited to):
      1. Asphalt
      2. Bricks
      3. Ceiling tile
      4. Concrete
      5. Concrete Masonry Units (CMU)
      6. Drywall
      7. Paint
      8. Plastic buckets
  2. Landfill options: The name of the landfill(s) where trash will be disposed of, the applicable landfill tipping fee(s), and the estimated cost of disposing of all Project waste in the landfill(s). This estimate will be used as a baseline for recycling/salvage cost comparison.
  3. Waste Diversion Economic Analysis: A list of each material proposed to be salvaged, reused, or recycled during the course of the Project, the proposed local market for each material, and the estimated net cost savings or additional costs resulting from separating and recycling (versus landfilling) each material. “Net” means that the following have been subtracted from the cost of separating and recycling:
    1. revenue from the sale of recycled or salvaged materials
    2. landfill tipping fees saved due to diversion of materials from the landfill
    3. replacement value of materials reused in the project

    For a list of markets and resources, see (C/D Resources and Links).  Also see Section 02070 Selective Demolition for information regarding items to be salvaged.

Once the Owner has determined which of the recycling options addressed in the Draft Waste Management Plan are acceptable, the Contractor shall provide a Final Waste Management Plan within 5 business days.

The Final Waste Management Plan shall contain the following:

  1. Contact information: The name and contact information of who will be responsible for implementing the Solid Waste Management Plan.
  2. Meetings/instruction: A description of the regular meetings to be held to address waste management.
  3. Waste assessment: An analysis of the proposed jobsite wastes to be generated, including types and estimated quantities.
  4. Alternatives to landfilling: A list of each material proposed to be salvaged, reused, or recycled during the course of the Project.
  5. Landfilling information: The name of the landfill(s) where trash will be disposed of, the applicable landfill tipping fee(s), and the estimated quantity of waste to be landfilled.
  6. Materials Handling Procedures: A description of the means by which any waste materials identified in items 4 and 5 above will be protected from contamination, and a description of the means to be employed in handling the above materials consistent with requirements for acceptance by designated facilities.
  7. Transportation: A description of the means of transportation of recyclable materials and waste (whether materials will be site-separated and self-hauled to designated centers, or whether mixed materials will be collected by a waste hauler and removed from the site) and destination of materials.
  8. Cost estimate summary: The estimated cost of implementing the final solid waste management plan, broken down by material.
  9. Copy of Orange County RRMO hauling license: This license is required for any vehicle over 9000 lbs. GVW hauling RRMO materials (see 01060). It must be renewed annually. Contact Orange County Solid Waste Management at 919-968-2800 ext. 163 for more info.
  1. Manager: The Contractor shall designate an on-site party (or parties) responsible for instructing workers and overseeing and documenting results of the Waste Management Plan for the Project. This contact will notify OWRR immediately should any deviance from the Final Waste Management plan be necessary.
  2. Distribution: The Contractor shall distribute copies of the Waste Management Plan to the Job Site Foremen, Subcontractors, the Owner, and the Architect.
  3. Instruction: The Contractor shall provide on-site instruction of appropriate separation, handling, and recycling, salvage, reuse, and return methods to be used by all parties at the appropriate stages of the Project.
  4. Separation facilities: The Contractor shall designate and label a specific area to facilitate separation of materials for potential recycling, salvage, reuse, and return. Recycling and waste bin areas are to be kept neat and clean and clearly marked in order to avoid contamination of materials.
  5. Hazardous wastes: Hazardous wastes shall be separated, stored, and disposed of according to local regulations.
  6. Documentation: The Contractor shall submit with each Application for Progress Payment a Summary of Waste Generated by the Project. Failure to submit this information shall render the Application for Payment incomplete and shall delay Progress Payment. The Summary shall be submitted on a form acceptable to the Owner and shall contain the following information. For electronic forms see (C/D Forms and Printed Materials).
    1. Disposal information:
      1. amount (in tons or cubic yards) of material landfilled from the Project
      2. identity of the landfill
      3. total amount of tipping fees paid at the landfill
      4. total disposal cost (including transportation and container rental)
      5. weight tickets, manifests, receipts, and invoices (attach copies)
    2. Recycling information:
      1. amount (in tons or cubic yards)
      2. date removed from the jobsite
      3. receiving party
      4. transportation cost
      5. amount of any money paid or received for the recycled or salvaged material
      6. net total cost or savings of salvage or recycling each material
      7. manifests, weight tickets, receipts, and invoices (attach copies)
    3. Reuse and salvage information:
      1. list of items salvaged for reuse on project or campus
      2. amount (in tons or cubic yards)
      3. receiving party or storage location
      4. net savings (avoided tip fee and cost difference of item purchased new)
  7. Revenues: Revenues or other savings obtained from recycled, reused, or salvaged materials shall accrue to contractor unless otherwise noted in the contract documents
The information in this section can be found in the UNC Design Guidelines, Chapter V. Technical Design and Performance Standards, A. Division 1 – General Requirements (01505).

Project and university requirements regarding disposal and removal of equipment and materials

Required Information: 02070 Selective Demolition

(PDF Version)

A. Demolition

The CoachmanProper coordination for the shut-off of utility services and control measures for dust and noise must occur prior to commencement of any demolition work.  Considerations must be given to on-going University activities in adjacent areas.  In confined areas of selective demolition, install and maintain dust and noise control barriers to keep dirt, dust, and noise from being transmitted to adjacent areas.  Remove these protection measures after demolition operations are completed.

Maintain and protect existing building services which transit the area affected by selective demolition.

Completely remove all equipment noted for removal including all associated devices, controls, conduit, wiring, etc.  Remove all exposed conduit and wiring back to the panel from which it is served.  Mark all disassociated breakers “spare”.  Unless otherwise noted, the Contractor shall fill and patch all wall, floor, and ceiling openings resulting from this demolition work with materials and finishes identical to adjacent materials and finished.

Unless otherwise noted, remove all wiring devices, fixtures, controls, circuitry (conduit and wiring), etc., made obsolete by the demolition within or around the building.

The Contractor shall relocate all existing piping, circuitry (conduit and wiring), ductwork, etc., which impedes the installation of new materials and equipment, unless otherwise noted.

Demolish, remove, demount, and disconnect the following:

  • Inactive and obsolete piping, fitting and specialties, equipment, ductwork, controls, fixtures, and insulation.
  • Piping and ducts embedded in floors, wall, and ceiling may remain if such materials do not interfere with new installation.  Remove materials above accessible ceilings.  Drain and cap piping and ducts allowed to remain.

All demolition which involves the removal or disturbance of Asbestos Containing fire proofing, finish material, insulation or other asbestos containing material shall be performed in strict accordance with the Division of State Construction “Specifications for Asbestos Abatement” and must be approved by the University’s Department of Environment, Health and Safety.

Notify the Department of Environment, Health and Safety at 919-962-5507 if any underground tanks are removed from the ground on the construction site.

Demolition activities that affect parking, vehicle or pedestrian traffic must be approved by UNC UNC Police at 919-962-8100 prior to work commencing.

Notify the Department of Environment, Health and Safety at 919-962-9752 for information on proper disposal of ballasts and fluorescent light bulbs.

Prior to building demolition, the Department of Environment, Health and Safety should be contacted at 919-962-5507 to review the project for potential mercury containing equipment such as piping in dental and scientific buildings, thermostats, and switches.

B. Disposal of Equipment and Materials

The Contractor shall remove all generated trash, recyclables and debris (including, for example, old carpeting) at his or her expense. The Contractor may not place this trash and debris in University dumpsters. The Owner, acting through the Designer, shall retain the right to direct the disposal of salvageable equipment and materials (such as metals, cardboard, plastics, paper, glass, and blueprints). The Contractor will comply with all requirements as outlined in 01505 (Construction Waste Management) and 01060 (Regulatory Requirements). After selective demolition is complete, submit a list of items that have been removed and salvaged.

The University, as a State institution, is accountable for controlled property and equipment including electrical, mechanical, and plumbing equipment.  No equipment is given to the Contractor unless specifically listed in the job specifications prior to contract award.  The Contractor shall deliver any surplus equipment to the Surplus Property Warehouse and return a receipt for the equipment to the Facilities Services Data Control Office.

For equipment retained by the Contractor under the contract, the Contractor shall remove the equipment control decals and return them to the Facilities Services preventive maintenance shop or the University’s Asset Manager. Do not disturb equipment or fixtures bearing a hazardous, biological or radiological warning sign in any way until authorized by the University Department of Environment, Health and Safety Office who will remove or obliterate the warning sign.

C. Definitions
Detach items from existing construction and legally dispose of them off-site, unless indicated to be removed and salvaged or removed and reinstalled.
Remove and Salvage
Detach items from existing construction and deliver them to Owner ready for reuse.
Remove and Reinstall
Detach items from existing construction, prepare them for reuse, and reinstall them where indicated.
Existing to Remain
Existing items of construction that are not to be removed and that are not otherwise indicated to be removed, removed and salvaged, or removed and reinstalled.
D. Execution
Removed and Salvaged Items
  • Clean salvaged items.
  • Pack or crate items after cleaning. Identify contents of containers.
  • Store items in a secure area until delivery to Owner.
  • Transport items to storage area designated by Owner, Contractor or other authorized party.
  • Protect items from damage during transport and storage.
Removed and Reinstalled Items
  • Clean and repair items to functional condition adequate for intended reuse.  Paint equipment to match new equipment.
  • Pack or crate items after cleaning and repairing.  Identify contents of containers.
  • Protect items from damage during transport and storage.
  • Reinstall items in locations indicated.  Comply with installation requirements for new materials and equipment.  Provide connections, supports, and miscellaneous materials necessary to make item functional for use indicated.
Existing Items to Remain
  • Protect construction indicated to remain against damage and soiling during selective demolition.
  • When permitted by Architect, items may be removed to a suitable, protected storage location during selective demolition and cleaned and reinstalled in their original locations after selective demolition operations are complete.

The information in this section can be found in the UNC Design Guidelines, Chapter V. Technical Design and Performance Standards, A. Division 2 – Site Work (02070).

The information on this page can be found in the UNC Design Guidelines, Chapter III. University Planning Standards, Section E. Waste Management, a) Required Specifications. Individual specifications are located in Chapter V. Technical Design and Performance Standards, A. Division 1 – General Requirements (01060 and 01505) and B. Division 2 – Site Work (02070).